FAMOUS TOURIST PLACES IN AMARAVATHI
HISTORY OF AMARAVATHI
Amaravathi is the proposed green field Capital city of Andhra Pradesh. It is also referred as Amareswaram, for its famous Amareswara temple dedicated to Lord Siva, which is one of the famous Pancharamas. It was formerly known as Andhra Nagari. Krishna River passes through the east side of Amaravathi.Amaravathi is a well known historical town of and center for pilgrimage for both Hindus and Buddhist, located on the south bank of river Krishna in Sattenapalli taluk around 60 km from Guntur district of Andra Pradesh, India. The major attractions are carved temple dedicated to lord Shiva, 2000 year old Buddhist settlements and monuments and an Archeological Museum. This ancient city has its unique record in history dated 2nd century BC and was a capital of Andra Pradesh. It is a center of Buddhist art was one of the three major art school in ancient India. The sacred river Krishna is held in reverence at this pilgrimage and ablution in this river is considered holy and meritorious among Hindus. This town gained its popularity during the period of King Ashoka. ‘Hills of Lamps’ and ‘Abode of God’ are the other names of Amaravathi. Excavations done by Archeologists and European scholars were unearthed several rare Dravidian style sculptures.
TOURIST PLACES IN AMARAVATHI
Amaravathi is famous for the Amareshwara Temple, the holy shrine of Lord Shiva, located 60 km west to Vijayawada. It is located on a hillock called ‘ Krouncha Saila’ alongside of river Krishna on the southeastern side of Srisailam Temple. Shiva is the male embodiment of power is called as ‘Amareshwara’ and goddess is referred as ‘Bala Chamundi’ and there are also several other deities. 15 feet high white marble lingam is the center of attraction. It is one of the five holy shrine (Pancharama) of Lord Shiva which is surrounded by massive walls and decorated by four lofty gopuram. The inscriptions on the temple walls are the evident of historical events. Mahashivarathri and Navarathri are the major carnivals celebrated here. In 2006, the famous Buddhist ritual ‘Kalachakra’ (Time-Wheel) – a type meditation practice initiation was conducted here by Dalai Lama of Tibet. Temple is usually closed in noon. Visiting in the morning and evening are regularly performed.
The region between Krishna and Godavari rivers was an important place for Buddhism from the 3rd century BCE with Amaravathi being one of them. Buddhist stupa was built during the reign of Ashoka in 200 BCE, was carved with panels that tells the story of Buddha. The discovery, misuse and destruction of the sculptures,preservation,distribution to various museums (Chennai, Calcutta, London, Masulipatnam etc.) havebeenpoignantly described by Shimada.During the period of the decline of Buddhism, this stupa was also neglected and it was buried under rubble. There is a 14th-century inscription in Sri Lanka which mentions repairs made to the stupa and after that it wasforgotten.Thestupaisrelated to the Vajrayana teachings of Kalachakra, still practiced today in Tibetan Buddhism.Dalai Lama of Tibet conducted a Kalachakra initiation at this location in 2006.
Buddhist Stupa of Amaravathi is India’s biggest heap, built on 3rd century BC,measuring 27 meter in height and 50 meters in diameter. It assures great site seeing for archeology lover. It was the important worship place of Buddhist, built with bricks in a circular or drum shape,covered with sculptured slabs andc arved panels which denotes the ancient Buddhist life. The rectangular shape platforms of this Stupa is projecting into four cardinaldirections measuring 7.20 X 2.10 meters each. During decline of Buddhism, this Stupa is buriedand neglected. Many sculptures of this Stupa are now in some acclaimed museums of India, Germany and London.